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This led to investigations by Congress and the NSA and Do D Inspectors General. It also included offensive cyber-warfare capabilities, like injecting malware into remote computers.Congress criticized Turbulence in 2007 for having similar bureaucratic problems as Trailblazer.
Thin Thread was cancelled when Michael Hayden chose Trailblazer, which did not include Thin Thread's privacy system.Its true mission, however, was to break the communications (chiefly diplomatic) of other nations.Its most notable known success was at the Washington Naval Conference, during which it aided American negotiators considerably by providing them with the decrypted traffic of many of the conference delegations, most notably the Japanese.Incoming traffic was successfully stored on agency servers, but it could not be directed and processed.The agency carried out emergency repairs at a cost of $3 million to get the system running again.NSA's infrastructure deteriorated in the 1990s as defense budget cuts resulted in maintenance deferrals.
On January 24, 2000, NSA headquarters suffered a total network outage for three days caused by an overloaded network.
The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence. Unlike the CIA and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), both of which specialize primarily in foreign human espionage, the NSA does not publicly conduct human-source intelligence gathering.
The NSA is responsible for global monitoring, collection, and processing of information and data for foreign intelligence and counterintelligence purposes, specializing in a discipline known as signals intelligence (SIGINT). The NSA is entrusted with providing assistance to, and the coordination of, SIGINT elements for other government organizations - which are prevented by law from engaging in such activities on their own. To further ensure streamlined communication between the signals intelligence community divisions, the NSA Director simultaneously serves as the Commander of the United States Cyber Command and as Chief of the Central Security Service.
The origins of the National Security Agency can be traced back to April 28, 1917, three weeks after the U. World War I ended on November 11, 1918, and the army cryptographic section of Military Intelligence (MI-8) moved to New York City on May 20, 1919, where it continued intelligence activities as the Code Compilation Company under the direction of Yardley. The Black Chamber was the United States' first peacetime cryptanalytic organization.
Jointly funded by the Army and the State Department, the Cipher Bureau was disguised as a New York City commercial code company; it actually produced and sold such codes for business use.
The NSA mounted a major effort to secure tactical communications among U. However a variety of technical and operational problems limited their use, allowing the North Vietnamese to exploit and intercept U. The White House asserted that the NSA interception had provided "irrefutable" evidence that Libya was behind the bombing, which U. President Ronald Reagan cited as a justification for the 1986 United States bombing of Libya.